WALTER EMERSON BAUM, A. N. A. (American, 1884 - 1956)

He studied art at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts and later received an honorary degree from Lehigh University. Baum was a prolific artist who exhibited in over one hundred fifty museum exhibitions and received over thirty major awards. Baum gained nationwide recognition when he won the prestigious Sesnan Gold Medal in 1925 at the Pennsylvania Academy of Art Annual. He went on to win the Zabriskie Prize in 1945 from the American Watercolor Society and the Medal of Honor in 1953 from the National Arts Club. Baum, who many consider the “father of art in the Lehigh Valley,” became an important promoter of art in the area. His dedication to the prolongation and preservation of art culminated with his founding of the Lehigh Art Alliance and cofounding the Allentown Art Museum. Baum founded his own school of art in 1929. Besides directing the Baum School of Art, Baum worked as the first director of the Allentown Art Museum and amassed a major regional art collection of the period. In June of 1956, Baum retired as director of the Baum School.

Studied 
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts with Thomas Anshutz and Daniel Garber
With W. T. Trego, 1920
Honorary Degree, H.L.D., Lehigh University, 1946

Exhibited
American Artist Exhibition, 1918 (bronze medal)
Pennsylvania Academy of Art Annuals, 1914-1916, 1918-1920, 1922, 1924-1926, 1928-1954
(Sesnan Gold Medal, 1925)
Fellowship of the Pennsylvania Academy of Art, 1910, 1911, 1913-1934, 1936, 1938, 1939, 1941-1947, 1949, 1951 (Fellowship Prize, 1939; May Audubon Post Prize, 1951)
Springville Museum of Art, UT, 1932 (Picture Purchase Prize)
McClees Gallery, Philadelphia, 1933 (first solo)
Penn Athletic Club, 1941 (solo)
Philadelphia Print Club, 1942 (Honorable Mention)
American Society of Miniature Painters, 1942 (Honorable Mention), 1943 (D. J. McCarthy Prize), 1938-1950
R. W. Norton Art Gallery
Philadelphia Watercolor Club, 1910-17, 1922, 1934-53, 1956 (Dana Medal, 1944; Honorable Mention, 1952; Thornton Oakley Prize, 1954)
American Watercolor Society, 1945 (Zabriskie Prize)
Buck Hill (PA) Art Association, 1944 (solo), 1945 (Purchase Prize)
Kemerer Museum, Bethlehem, PA, 1984
National Academy of Design, 1926, 1928, 1933, 1936, 1938, 1941-1945, 1947-1950, 1953
Philadelphia Art Club
Corcoran Gallery of Art, 1916, 1926, 1947, 1951
Art Institute of Chicago, 1915, 1925, 1926, 1930, 1932, 1936, 1939
Baltimore Museum of Art
Dayton Art Institute
Ohio University Annual Exhibition, 1945 (Honorable Mention)
Reading Public Museum, 1946 (solo)
Salmagundi Club, 1947 (Honorable Mention)
Indiana State College, 1951 (Honorable Mention)
Terry National Art Exhibition, 1952 (Honorable Mention)
Berkshire Art Association, 1952 (Popular Prize)
Allied Artists, 1952 (Grumbacher Prize)
Playhouse Galleries, New Hope, PA, 1953
Moore Institute of Art, Science & Industry, Philadelphia, 1954 (solo)
American Artists Professional League, 1955 (Honorable Mention)
Allentown Art Museum, 1956 (memorial exhibition), 1976, 1996
Bucks County Gallery (solo)
William Penn Memorial Museum, Harrisburg, 1978
Payne Gallery, Moravian College, 1979
Baum School of Art, 1988
Asheville, NC (solo)
Schwenkfelder Library (solo)
Hickory Museum of Art (solo)
Mint Museum of Art (solo)
Art Museum of St. Louis, 1916, 1917, 1925, 1927, 1928
Detroit Institution of Art
Fort Worth Museum of Art
Decatur Art Center
Philadelphia Art Alliance, 1939 (solo), 1956 (Honorable Mention)
Audubon Artists, 1946 (Ludwig Prize), 1953 (Grumbacher Prize)
Philadelphia Sketch Club, 1939 (Honorable Mention)
Da Vinci Alliance, 1950 (silver medal), 1951 (Honorable Mention), 1956 (Gold Medal Award)
Woodmere Art Gallery, 1951 (First Prize)
National Arts Club, 1952 (Bronze Medal – Second Prize), 1953 (Medal of Honor)

Member 
Philadelphia Watercolor Club 
Philadelphia Sketch Club 
Woodmere Art League 
Schwenkfeldian Exiles 
Salmagundi Club 
Phillips Mill Community Association 
Associate member of the National Academy of Design 
Circulating Picture Club, Bucks County, PA (founder) 
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Fellow 1939 
Philadelphia Art Alliance 
Allied Artists of America 
American Watercolor Society 
Artists League of America 
Philadelphia Art Club 
Lehigh Art Alliance (founder) 
American Artists Professional League 
American Color Pr. Society 
American Geographical Society 
Artists Equity, Philadelphia 
Audubon Artists 
Berkshire Art Association 
Buck Hill Art Association 
Bucks-Montgomery Press League, 1930-1942 
Da Vinci Alliance 
Fellow of the International Institute of Arts and Letters 
Fifty American Artists 
Germantown Art League 
National Academy of Design, Associate Member (elected 1945) 
New Hope Art Association (one of the only members actually born in Bucks County) 
New York Watercolor Club 
Pennsylvania Folklore Society, 1942 
Philadelphia Contemporary Club, 1938 
Circulating Picture Club, Bucks County, Pennsylvania (founder)

Work 
Allentown Art Museum 
Allentown City Hall City 
Allentown School District 
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts 
Pennsylvania State College 
Tuskegee Institution 
Allentown Museum 
Call-Chronicle Newspaper 
Butler Institute of American Art 
Buck Hills Art Association 
Bethlehem School District 
Baum School of Art 
Toledo Museum of Art 
Dwight Eisenhower Home 
National Academy of Design 
James Michener Museum 
Philadelphia Museum of Art 
Longfellow School of Medicine 
Franklin D. Roosevelt Home 
Mercer Museum 
Philadelphia Museum of 
Art Muriel & Philip Berman Museum
Norfolk Museum of Art 
R. W. Norton Art Gallery
Syracuse University 
Parkland School District
Reading Public Museum, PA 
Payne Art Gallery
Pennsburg School District 
Perkiomen School, Pennsburg, PA
Philadelphia School District 
Philadelphia Watercolor Club
Schwenkfelder Library, Pennsburg, PA 
Sonderton High School, PA
Springville Museum of Art, 
UT Thomas Jefferson University
University of Texas Art Museum 
Woodmere Art Museum, PA
State Museum of Pennsylvania

References
Beacon Hill Fine Art (ed.), An American Tradition: The Pennsylvania Impressionists 
Baum, Two Hundred Years
Benezit, Dictionnaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs 
Falk (ed.), Who Was Who in American Art 1564-1975
Gerdts, Art Across America: New England, New York, Mid-Atlantic 
Hutson-Saxson, Walter Emerson Baum, 1884 to1956
Opitz (ed.), Mantle Fielding’s Dictionary of American Painters, Sculptors & Engravers 
Gerdts, Peterson and Yount, Pennsylvania Impressionism
Shipp, American Art Colonies, 1850-1930,A Guide to Original Art Colonies and Their Artists 
Falk (ed.), The Annual Exhibition Record of the National Academy of Design 1901-1950
Falk (ed.), The Annual Exhibition Record of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts 1914-1968 
Mallett, Index of Artists: International-Biographical
Falk (ed.), The Annual Exhibition Record of the Art Institute of Chicago 1888-1950
Alterman, New Hope for American Art: A Comprehensive Showing of Important 20th Century Paintings from and Surrounding the New Hope Art Colony 
May, “Book Review-Pennsylvania Impressionism,” American Arts Quarterly, Nov. 2003
Alterman, “Pennsylvania Impressionists & Modernists,” American Art Review, Oct. 2001
Verderame, “Bucks County Artists,” American Art Review, Dec. 2000 
Hutson-Saxon, “Walter Emerson Baum,” American Art Review, May 1996
Hutson-Saxon, “Walter Emerson Baum,” American Art Review, Dec. 1994 
Berman, “Bucks County Impressionists,” Architectural Digest, Nov. 1994
Clark, History of the National Academy of Design, 1825-1953 
Folk, The Pennsylvania School of Landscape Painting
Zellman, 300 Years of American Art 
Falk, Annual Exhibition Record, 1876-1913, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
Gregg, The Artist’s Studio in American Painting 1840-1983 
Baum is referenced in over 40 books and magazines.