JOHN JOSEPH ENNEKING (Amercian, 1841-1916)

John Joseph Enneking, painter and illustrator, was born in Minster, Ohio in 1841.  He began to paint at the age of five, but was tragically orphaned at sixteen, at which point he moved to Cincinnati to live with his aunt and uncle.  It was there that he took his first art classes at St. Mary’s College.  During the Civil War, he served in the Union Army and badly injured, returned to Cincinnati where he took a long time to recover.  He then set off to New York to start his art career, but learned that Boston was the place considered the center of culture in America.   In 1868 Enneking moved to Boston where he studied lithography and painting with Samuel Gerry.  While in Boston he received a letter of introduction to Leon Bonnat, one of the more famous painters and teachers in France.  Enneking and his family made a trip to Europe in 1872 that would last four years.  He studied landscape painting at the Munich Academy in Germany and figure painting in Paris where his teacher for three years was Leo Bonnat.  He also worked with the French Barbizon-School landscape painters, Charles Daubigny and Louis Boudin.  The artist associated with Tonalist Camille Corot, Barbizon School painter Jean Millet and Impressionists Claude Monet and Camille Pissarro.  In 1876 he returned to the Boston area and settled with his family near Hyde Park, where he had a studio.  His first solo exhibition in 1878 “sealed his reputation” and opened up the world of illustration (Scribner’s, Harpers and other magazines) and private art lessons.  Both of which helped support his family.   In the early 1880s he bought a place in North Newry, Maine near New Hampshire where he painted the White Mountains.  In the early spring and fall, he frequently traveled south including to Duxbury and Cape Cod.  In 1915, a testimonial dinner was held for him at the Copley Plaza in Boston with over one thousand persons attending.  Enneking passed away in 1916, having been honored throughout his lifetime.

Studied

St. Mary’s College, Cincinnati, 1860s

With Samuel L. Gerry in Boston, 1868

With Leon Bonnat, Charles Daubigny in Paris, 1872-76

With Lehr at the Munich Academy, Germany            

Exhibited

Williams & Everett Gallery, Boston, 1878 (first solo) Boston Art Club, 1874-1909

Massachusetts Charitable Mechanics’ Association, Boston (medals) National Academy of Design, 1881

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1883, 1892, 1896-1902

Paris Expo, 1900 (prize) Pan-American Expo, Buffalo, 1901 (medal)

Art Institute of Chicago, 1900, 1912

Corcoran Gallery, 1907, 1910

Pan-Pacific Expo, San Francisco, 1915 (gold)

Vose Gallery, Boston, 1917 (memorial exhibit), 1923, 1926, 1962, 1975 (all solos)

World’s Fair 1904, St. Louis Exposition

New Haven Paint & Clay Club

Member

Twentieth Century Club

Pudding Stone Club

Hyde Park Historical Society

Boston Art Club

Paint & Clay Club, Boston

1962, 1975 (all solos)

Boston Guild of Artists

New Haven Paint & Clay Club

References  

Falk (ed.), Annual Exhibition Record, National Academy of Design 1901-1950

Falk (ed.), Who Was Who in American Art 1564-1975

Hunter, “John Joseph Enneking,” American Art Review, Feb. 2006

Muehlig, “Smith College Museum of Art,” American Art Review, June 2004

Culver, “The Paintings of John Enneking,” American Art Review, October 2001

McLean, “Bates College Museum of Art,” American Art Review, June 2000

Evans, “ White Mountain Painters,” American Art Review, Dec. 1994                  

Jarzombek, Boston Art Club: 1855-1950

Kany and Maciejunes, Triumph of Color and Light: Ohio Impressionists and Post Impressionists

Carr, Revisiting the White City, American Art at the 1893 World’s Fair

Sullivan, The Hudson River School, An Annotated Bibliography

Baekland, Images of America, The Painter’s Eye, 1833-1925

Falk (ed.), The Annual Exhibition Record of the Art Institute of Chicago Gerdts, Art Across America, Vol. I

Falk (ed.), Annual Exhibition Record, 1876-1913, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts

McGrath and McAdam, A Sweet Fortaste of Heaven, Artists in the White Mountains, 1830-1930

Geske and Janovy, The American Painting Collection, The Sheldon Memorial Nineteenth Century

Edwards, Domestic Bliss, Family Life in American Painting 1840-1910

Painters, Sculptors & Engravers

Gammell, The Boston Painters 1900-1930

Troyen, The Boston Tradition, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Robinson, Living New England Artists

Weber and Gerdts, In Nature’s Ways, American Landscape / Late 

Zellman, 300 Years of American Art

Opitz (ed.), Mantle Fielding’s Dictionary of American

Rodriguez Roque, Directions in American Painting 1875-1925

Karlstrom, The U. S. and the Impressionist Era

Benjamin, Our American Artists 1879 and 1881

Work

Cheekwood Museum of Art &Botanical Garden, Nashville, Tennessee

Butler Institute of American Art, Ohio

El Paso Museum of Art, Texas

Farnsworth Art Museum, Maine

George Walter Vincent Smith Museum, Massachusetts

Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indiana

Mead Art Museum, Massachusetts

Boston Museum of Fine Arts

Springfield Museum of Fine Arts, Massachusetts

Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery, Nebraska

The Columbus Museum of Art, Ohio

The Museum of Arts and Sciences, Florida

The Washington County Museum of Fine Arts, Maryland 

Pfeil Collection