E. OSCAR THALINGER (American, 1885 - 1965)

E. Oscar Thalinger, painter and teacher, was born in Alsace-Lorraine, France, in 1885. Thalinger and his parents came to the U. S. when he was four. He had always loved to draw and at the age of fifteen, Thalinger enrolled in the St. Louis School of Fine Arts where he studied under several artists including Wuerpel, Stoddard and Campbell. It was there that he studied painting and drawing during the day and sculpture at night. He also traveled to Munich for a year in 1908, where he was influenced by both French Cubism and German Abstract Expressionism. These styles would appear in several of his later works. Thalinger spent nearly forty years of his life working as the Registrar for the St. Louis Art Museum (1914-1952). During that time he was responsible for installing over three-quarters of the museum’s exhibitions. He also taught at the St. Louis People’s Art Club. As an artist, he worked late at night under the artificial light of an automobile headlight. He knew that the paintings were going to be viewed under artificial light, and the combination of the blue daylight lamp and the ordinary globe provided the mellow glowing ambience he desired. Thalinger’s paintings of the 1930s consisted of landscapes, cityscapes, some still lifes and portraits. The late 1920s and early 1930s were a period when he focused on Ozark subject matter and images of “old St. Louis landmarks and dwellings, which had lost their former glory.” Thalinger immersed himself in his work. He spent many hours out of doors, absorbing the moods and colors of the land, city and people. Before painting his prize-winning landscape, “Spirit of the Ozarks” (Halsey C. Ives Prize, Artists’ Guild, 1927), Thalinger contemplated the subject for several years. He spent weeks in the Ozarks, sleeping on the ground under the stars to acquire the “feeling” of the environment before returning to his studio in the city to paint. The resulting painting did not describe one particular spot, but rather captured the character of the cabins tucked away in the rugged Ozark hills. Much of his later work (1950s) turned from his former more representational / modernist style towards the abstract. He never laid out a sketch before painting, preferring to work directly with his brush on the canvas. His reasoning for this method was that he did not have time to sketch while he observed; rather he preserved his impressions, which he would record later on canvas, “through color sensations”. Thalinger painted until a stroke impaired his eyesight at the age of 78 and passed away in 1965 after suffering a second stroke. His career spanned half a century.

Studied 
St. Louis School of Fine Arts under Wuerpel, Stoddard and Campbell
Munich, Germany under Gruber 
Washington University 

Exhibited
Society of Independent Artists, 1917
Art Institute of Chicago, 1927, 1932 (1 of 65 from 1600 entries)
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts annual, 1928, 1930, 1932
Aaron Gallery, Chicago, c. 1990 (retrospective)
St. Louis Art Museum, Annual American Show, 1906-1947 (20 times)
Kansas City Art Institute
American Federation of the Arts, Traveling Exhibition of Native Elements of Contemporary Gateway Art Association Painting, 1934
Museum of Modern Art, Traveling Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture of 16 American Cities, 1934 
ACA Galleries, New York, 1936
St. Louis Artists Guild 
St. Louis Mercantile Library at the University of Missouri, St. Louis, 2006-2010

Member
Artists Equity Association, President 
St. Genevieve School of Art, Director
St. Louis County Art Association 
Group 15 
2 x 4 Society 
New York World’s Fair, 1939
Society of Independent Artists 

References
Morrissey, “E. Oscar Thalinger, St. Louis Modernist,” American Art Review, Feb 1994 
Aaron Galleries, Chicago, E. Oscar Thalinger, A Forgotten Modernist
Marlor, The Society of Independent Artists Exhibition Record 1917-1944 
Falk (ed.), Who Was Who in American Art 1564-1975 
Mallett (ed.), Mallett’s Index of Artists: International – Biographical 
Falk (ed.), Who Was Who in American Art, Artists Active 1898-1947 
New York World’s Fair (ed.), American Art Today: New York World’s Fair 1939 
Watson, American Painting Today 
Kansas City Art Institute, Midwestern Artists’ Exhibition 
Opitz (ed.), Mantle Fielding’s Dictionary of American Painters, Sculptors, and Engravers 
Kerr and Dick, An American Art Colony: The Art and Artists of Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, 1930-1940
Falk (ed.), The Annual Exhibition Record of the Art Institute of Chicago
Creps (ed.), Biographical Encyclopedia of American Painters, Sculptors & Engravers of the U. S.
Falk (ed.), The Annual Exhibition Record of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts 1914-1968

Work
City Art Museum of St. Louis (permanent collection of his work)

Awards
Annual Art Section Exhibition, Bader Award (1st prize), 1961
Thumb box group prize, 1926
St. Louis Artists Guild, 1926 (group prize), 1930 (prize)
St. Louis Chamber of Commerce, 1927 (prize), 1930 (best industrial prize), 1932 (best landscape), 1931
Bronze medal, Kansas City, 1931
Halsey C. Ives Landscape prize, 1927 and best work prize, 1928
Prix de Rome, honorable mention
Purchase Prize, State Fair, 1929